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Integrating primary living spaces with outdoor garden


A single-family dwelling was to be designed with living areas,five bedrooms and recreational activites, converting the place into a private and personal resort. The site is a part of very old developed society surrounded by dense green foliage,housing buildings like small private residences, apartments and a high rise residential building that exists in the vicinity. The site is contoured, having a drop of about 2.5 meters across its length abutting internal roads on north-west and south-west sides.

Smartly Designed

This five bedroom house was designed by playing well with the contoured land. The lower ground floor catered to parking,services and recreational activities while the upper ground floor linked with a lush garden and swimming pool covered with shrubbery surrounding the site.

Solid floating forms designed on the first floor accommodates bedrooms allowing natural light and ventilation to draw in through the sloping roof patterns..

Design Approach

The structural steel design in kerala approach revolves around the notion of integrating primary living spaces with a private outdoor garden,which is designed to generate micro-climate within the indoor and outdoor living areas, absorbing natural light,ventilation and pleasant views. The design is determined to have a secured,private and an environment safe envelop,which is protective and percolative to the dynamics of nature.

The planning also tries to break the boundaries and allows spaces to link with each other as common living areas like family room, dining room,kitchen,primary circulation passage,stairs,sit outs,garden court, swimming pool, gymnasium,etc. to formulate a single living space without visual barriers. The main living area level and service area on lower ground level with parking,utilities,storage and servant rooms are segregated by using the contoured land creating levels and required functional spaces.

The plan of the building preserves an existing coconut palm and accommodates it within the house generating a ventilation court around it. The design sensitively includes critical climatic aspects of cent per cent rainwater harvesting,solar and wind power harvesting,inclusion of natural light as primary element,stack ventilation shaft allowing the building body to breathe naturally.

Climatic Influence

The existing shrubbery within and around the plot drives the design idea to open the house towards the east side of the plot,creating a private garden court. The planning attempts to achieve natural light and cross ventilation throughout the house. Centrally located,ventilation and service shaft creates stack process in order to let out hot air and thus air-circulation through passive system. The overall envelope has insulated walls on the south-west side of house and well insulated roof tops are consciously designed to minimize heat gain.

The formation of the building is divided into two parts,one acts as base covering the ground and the lower ground structure,which lifts the second part containing the first floor. The ground and lower ground structure is principally generated through stone cladded parallel walls,whereas the first-floor houses bedrooms,creating private spaces through enclosed and floating forms. Parallel placed slate stone cladded walls spring from lower ground to upper ground and opens to the pictures que view inviting natural light and ventilation.

Strucural Approach

The house is bounded in RCC structure, filled-in with brick walls,with well insulated external surfaces. The external finishes are weatherproof and light reflective to protect interior spaces. The structural frame takes care of integrated ventilation and harvesting of green energy through solar photovoltaic panels and domestic wind turbine.

The gym and the pool deck fitted with SS columns and steel pergola box sections to support the roof. The spa area is also supported using SS columns and RCC structure. Steel framing is also utilized for the façade glazing which helps drastically in supporting large spanned glazing. Another beneficial quality of using steel detailing in kochi is that the load is distributed evenly from the beam to the structural frame without any hassle. The house is bounded in RCC structure , filled in with brick walls,with well insulated ecternal surfaces. The external finishes are weatherproof and light reflective to protect interior spaces. The structural frame takes care of integrated ventilation and harvesting of green energy through solar photovoltaic panels and domestic wind turbine.



The adaptability of steel is unrivaled. From the capacity for auxiliary steel to be formed into essentially any shape to its outside capacity to yield shingle-esque material examples and wood-like siding, steel’s adaptability is a piece of what is making it such an appealing alternative for the private development showcase.

Engineers and architects like steel’s capacity to give their masterful creative energies a chance to run wild, while as yet being able to outline and develop a building that is both sheltered and flexible. This same solidness is likewise what takes into consideration the adaptable plan of vast, clear traverse structures, for example, plane holders, distribution centres, rural structures and indoor fields. It additionally allows for the development of high rises, the tallest of which remains in Dubai at 2722.4 feet (829.8 m) tall. The business area never again corners the market on steel structural design courses, either.

This same outline adaptability and adaptability is currently being touted in the private area too. Consider a family who needs to thump out a divider for a rebuild or redesign, just to find that a heap bearing wood column is a fundamental part. Presently, they have the choice of running a steel bar over the roof, opening the space up and discrediting the requirement for a basic pillar underneath the roof line. Moreover, steel and metal are utilized for siding and roofing materials that far outlive their wood partners.


A great part of the cost reserve funds you’ll pick up can be surmised from the work and money saving advantages of diminished development time. Be that as it may, working with steel likewise spares cash by means of other first time and lifetime funds.

• Steel can be reused. Instead of paying landfill expenses for non-recyclable development squander, your organization will have the capacity to reuse steel and metal building parts. Because of open enthusiasm for diminishing pointless construction squander, most waste expulsion organizations have sponsored programs (TEKLA Courses in Kerala) enabling them to get your steel and metal building waste at no cost to you.

• Because steel is so strong, and requires so little support, it is a more financial decision for building proprietors. Support expenses, repairs and substitutions are negligible – even finished the course of 50 years or increasingly – sparing building proprietors countless dollars through the span of the building’s lifetime.

• Innovation in steel generation, joined with more noteworthy rivalry to meet rising steel requests, has brought steel costs lower than they’ve been in twenty years. As indicated by the American Institute of Steel Construction, “In 1980, 10 worker hours were required to deliver a solitary ton of steel. Today that same ton of auxiliary steel requires considerably not as much as a solitary man-hour.” Thus, these cost reserve funds can be being passed on to the customer.

• Due to a steel steel detailing training structures’ relatively unrivaled capacity to withstand high breezes, overwhelming snow burdens, fire and seismic exercises, joined with their protection from nuisances and rot, insurance agencies regularly offer lower premiums on approaches endorsed for metal structures.

• Faster development times implies less intrigue installments to the bank, who ordinarily requires that premium installments are made through the span of the development procedure.

At the point when packaged together, these cost-sparing advantages make steel a standout amongst the most moderate building items available.


This may appear to be astonishing at in the first place, on the grounds that on the off chance that you measure a 2×4 of wood and a 2×4 of steel, the steel will measure more as the consequence of its thickness. With regards to confining, in any case, The outline of a steel I-shaft will quite often make it be lighter than the lightest, basically stable wood bar plan. A steel I-shaft weighs not as much as glulams, LVL, and Parallam bars.

Notwithstanding diminishing the work required to work with steel, the lighter-weight advantage decreases materials shipping costs, and can likewise streamline the plan of a building’s establishment and other basic emotionally supportive networks, which can additionally lessen venture spending plans.

Why steel building is the way of the future

Its decision in mid-2007 the Steel – Framing the Future projects discoveries, tending to the multi-story building segment, had the unmistakable ring of a call for industry change. Vigorous examination of the status of the steel development industry more than two years had uncovered a sector that was well behind its partners in the US, UK and New Zealand, with waning abilities and normal capacities.

To differentiate the Australian business’ existing conditions with, for instance, the UK, is to comprehend that ignoring the call for change flags the country’s divestment of what could be a flourishing, imaginative industry with trade potential.

The Steel-Framed Building Sector of Australia’s development industry has key significance to the country’s monetary well being. The Warren Centre watched that unit cost of steel manufacture in developed nations and certain particular businesses was dropping in genuine terms,  which did not appear to be so in Australia. There has likewise been a dynamic loss of steel confining utilization for multi-story building surrounding to the pre-focused on concrete sector Tried and demonstrated, promptly accessible technology, involving 3D documentation, advanced information exchange, computerized creating frameworks incorporating segment checking, plasma and laser cutting, scoring, angling, penetrating, pillar manufacture, automated part ID, situating and welding was not being taken up as generally as Australia’s abroad partner businesses. Moreover this innovation was presently more easy to understand and bring down evaluated.

While the measure of imported created steel for building development is little, it is expanding and the importation of manufactured steel for vitality and assets ventures is huge. At the point when Australia’s market loosens, abroad contenders will at present be there, quicker than some time recently

It’s lighter, speedier to erect, aggressively estimated, practical and gives incredible flexi-ability to originators. With every one of the advantages steel manages, architects and designers are progressively swinging to it as a pragmatic and cheap answer for all their de-sign needs.

By and large, recognition with solid development strategies has given cement an edge in the Australian market. Nonetheless, picking steel as a development arrangement can significantly affect the achievement of a task as far as cost, timetable and general quality.

In North Sydney, for instance, another 30-story private pinnacle at 80 Arthur Street will be one of the tallest skyscraper private structures in Australia to highlight a basic steel outline. In Brisbane, another office tower at 480 Queen Street has effectively utilized basic steel to decrease development time, ease nearby blockage and convey better security and strategic results. The business case the case for planning with auxiliary steel is a convincing one. Steel considers section free spaces and adaptability with space arranging since it al-lows for long traverses.

Being lighter than solid, steel makes it simple to expand new expands over existing structures. The way that steel items can be created off-site implies it can streamline forms and decrease squander on building destinations.

What’s more, it’s greatly common sense, enabling structures to be altered as the necessities of ten-ant change. All the more extensively, the utilization of auxiliary steel confining is empowering innovation inside the Australian development segment as more quick witted hones associated with assembling, advances and maintainability. With propels in building data demonstrating, coordinating the outline and fabrication of steel has brought about quicker development times and lower work costs – two of the key parts influencing the monetary suitability of a site.

Australian-influenced steel to can be trusted to cling to demanding quality controls. Steel individuals are produced and manufactured to thorough Australian Standards, conveying large amounts of consistence and traceability all through the construction channel. Furthermore, on the ecological front, steel can be reused again and again without bargaining its quality and pliability.

Together, these components reinforce the contention for the utilization of auxiliary steel in taking care of the plan requests of the manufactured condition now and into the Future.

How should we design Trusses for Buildings ?

    System developers and designers continually optimize and refine the design of components to achieve a high degree of economy as well as satisfy various architectural trends. Roof is one of the most complex components in typical framed residential structures. Roof structures are mainly formed using roof trusses of various types in cold formed roof structures. Number of superior features are offered by cold formed light gauge steel which makes it an attractive material for truss system. Strength stiffness quality and light weight features of cold formed steel trusses makes them ideal for long spans. Complex roof geometric s can be easily achieved since various sections and sizes are available.

    While trusses are structurally relatively simple, because of the complex sections used, numerous combinations of loads which need to be considered and the requirement for different roof trusses with different geometries in a house, it has become a common practice to use software programs like Tekla to analyze and design roof trusses.TEKLA training center in KERALA Roof systems using cold formed high tensile steel can be provided to suit various types of roof construction like hips, gables, dutch gables, mansard, etc.  Variety of trusses can be used depending on the shape of the roof. Flexibility of roll forming of sections make to possible to introduce more sophisticated fabrication techniques, trusses with different cross sections.

    The permanent forces acting on the structures include the self weight of all structural components of the roof and the weight of all permanent fixtures such as solar panels, water tank, air conditioning plant etc. Concentrated load should be considered at mid span of members and when there is an overhang, TEKLA training center in KERALAa load case should consider the application of the concentrated point load at a distance of 100 mm away from the edge. All roof systems components including the truss, battens, cladding and bracing should be designed to act together to transfer all forces to appropriate supports. The application of wind internal pressure needs to be carefully considered while designing trusses which support ceilings. The internal pressure will act on the ceiling plane if the ceiling is fully sealed.

    Tekla like software are becoming widely available for analysis of trusses. Analysis helps to find the axial forces, bending moments, shear forces and deflections for all load components. The typical truss connection are those at the apex and heels. The connection between the top chords of a truss to the roof batterns is critical in maintaining the fully restrained condition for the top chord. Web bracing is one of the bracing items which is specific for trusses. This reduce the specific length of the web members. To transfer the horizontal wind loads top chord bracing are designed perpendicular to the span of trusses to the supports. They are required to provide restraint to the roof battens or purlins that act as lateral buckling restraints to the top chord of the trusses when they are in compression. It was emphasized that if a designer is not using computer program to carry out analysis and design they need to exercise a degree of engineering judgment to reduce the number of combination and checks to be computed. TEKLA training center in KERALA


Structural detailing produces accurate drawing for fabrication and erection of structures. Easy constructability depends on the quality of the design. This ensure easy and efficient fabrication of products. Errors in detailed drawing will affect the success of entire project. It will lead to increase in time for finishing the work and also will increase the total cost. Most of the structures are pre-fabricated and site erected so small errors will affect the total construction procedure. The 3d technology of steel detailing of Tekla helps to generate a strong communication link between client, architect, structural engineers, fabricators and erectors.

The report of the requirements is given by the 3D software like Tekla. It helps to overcome the clashes and schedule the work accordingly. Technology of Tekla reduces the time frame required for quality construction.  Tekla training institute in kochi

Steel detailing is a vital communication link. Tekla involves creation of detailed drawing for fabricators and contractors. It also includes plans and estimates as well as other reports and important tasks. Tekla training institute in kochiThe structural safety and stability is decided by the efficient shop drawing and erection drawing. It will decide economy in overall costing. 3D detailing give chance to display various alternatives with exact cost estimates. 2D to 3D transformation gave the confidence to complete projects more accurately and errorlessly. It has reduced 75 percent time frame of completing project by using PEB components and custom components. Tekla reports integrated with ERP systems like BOQ, plate summaries shipping list, CNC files etc. are used by industries. Erection sequence based on site condition are also obtained from the detailed drawing.

Cost of manpower has increased at much faster rate than the cost of material. In steel detailing more than one diameter of bolts are designed and used to avoid and reduce gussets and number of bolts. This itself will help to reduce the construction cost and time of construction. Bending of structural beams are avoided by providing connections on bend plates. The increased cost of oil, gas and manpower has increased the cost of hot bending tremendously. Tekla training institute in kochiHot bending of plates are much easier than hot bending of structural sections. In structural steel design lighter sections are adopted by providing more secondary members and also the compressive strength of main members get increased. But also handling more number of members per structure reduces productivity too. It will also increase the cost. While detailing to avoid the delay at the time of construction easy availability and inventory of steel sections need to be considered. The deflection of structure, fabrication, and eccentricity in connection and erection methodology all these things need to be taken care off. This will help in efficient behavior of the structure during construction and execution period.

TEKLA Software and Structural development


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Tekla is a software solution for structural Engineers to build up models with efficient and high accuracy. Non- compromising quality will deliver required models for the Engineers.

Tekla software can be  used in different  areas  of  Building constructions, they are:

    • Industry Halls
    • Plants
    • Civil structures
    • Stairs & Railings
    • Bridges
    • Offshore constructions
    • Cladding
    • Aluminum structures

Why we recommend to Use TEKLA

  • Model the Most complicated projects easily
  • Integrated software for modeling,structural analysis and documentation
  • Quickly share the constructable  design information with project clients.
  • You can include all materials with the  model.
  • Catching up new client opportunities to elaborate service and enjoy with competitive models.
  • Error free design with reliable coordination.
  • Construction documentation  has been easily generated  from the model.
  • Tekla Structures is not limited to steel detailing software, but a flexible integrated solution for the entire structural design process.

Tekla Courses

TEKLA training enhance your knowledge in the filed of TEKLA Structural Design .

To know more about Tekla Training: Tekla Training with Internship

Efficient TEKLA Service: Tekla Software Service in Kerala.